This Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by the Archbishop of Canterbury that “this House takes note of the role of reconciliation in British foreign, defence and international development policy”. It provides definitions of reconciliation, and introduces the linked concepts of ‘soft power’, ‘fragile states’ and ‘post-conflict interventions’. It then summarises UK Government policy and delivery bodies, before discussing the additional roles which might be played in reconciliations by faith-based organisations and women. The Briefing then turns to look at a theoretical framework for reconciliations. Finally, it summarises eight conflicts where reconciliation and/or fragile state interventions have played a part, with varying levels of perceived success.