This article looks at the measures G20 nations have taken to help developing countries deal with the financial effects of the Covid-19 pandemic. It particularly looks at the initiative to pause debt service payments, which is the subject of an oral question in the House of Lords on 10 June 2020.
Coronavirus is believed to have originated in a ‘wet market’ selling wild animals in the city of Wuhan in China. This has provoked debate about the relationship between unsanitary conditions in some markets and the spread of diseases from animals to humans. The article summarises international efforts to regulate live animal markets, particularly those in Asia and Africa.
This Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place in the House of Lords on the motion moved by the Archbishop of Canterbury that “this House takes note of the role of reconciliation in British foreign, defence and international development policy”. It provides definitions of reconciliation, and introduces the linked concepts of ‘soft power’, ‘fragile states’ and ‘post-conflict interventions’. It then summarises UK Government policy and delivery bodies, before discussing the additional roles which might be played in reconciliations by faith-based organisations and women. The Briefing then turns to look at a theoretical framework for reconciliations. Finally, it summarises eight conflicts where reconciliation and/or fragile state interventions have played a part, with varying levels of perceived success.
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.