The Offender Rehabilitation Bill would provide increased support and supervision upon release for those serving prison sentences of up to two years, and would make changes to the arrangements for community orders and suspended sentence orders. This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the Bill’s second reading in the House of Lords.
The Crime and Courts Bill would establish a new National Crime Agency to combat organised crime, and contains provisions for reforms of the courts system (including judicial appointments and to allow broadcasting of certain court proceedings) as well as provisions on immigration, drug driving and community sentencing. This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the Bill’s second reading in the House of Lords.
This Library Note provides an overview of the blockade of Gaza by the Government of Israel, including its history, attempts to bypass the blockade and recent developments. It then examines the impact of the blockade on the humanitarian situation in Gaza, and finally the response of the British Government.
This Library Note provides an overview of the situation of Dalits in South Asia and looks at the issue of caste-based discrimination in India. It also examines the Government’s international development policy for India, currently the largest recipient of UK development aid.
Crime and Security Bill (HL Bill 45 of 2009–10)
The Crime and Security Bill is wide-ranging. It contains
provisions to reduce the reporting requirements on the police
when they stop and search individuals; to set out a statutory
framework for the retention and destruction of biometric
material, including DNA data; to provide the police with the
power to issue “go” notices to alleged perpetrators of domestic violence; to extend injunctions for gang-related violence to 14-17 year-olds; to require courts to make parenting orders when a young person breaches an ASBO; to introduce a licensing scheme for wheel-clamping businesses; to create a new criminal offence of possessing a mobile phone in prison; to create a new offence of failing to take reasonable precautions to prevent a person under 18 from having unauthorised access to an air weapon; to compensate the victims of overseas terrorism; to enable licensing authorities to restrict the sale of alcohol between 3am and 6am; and to give the police new powers to search a person subject to a control order. The Bill has completed its passage through the House of Commons and is due for a second reading debate in the House of Lords on 29th March 2010.
This House of Lords Library Note focuses on the debates on
the retention and destruction of DNA data on the National DNA
Database. It also gives brief details of the other parts of the Bill that were discussed at report stage in the Commons.
The Appellate Jurisdiction of the House of
Lords (Updated November 2009).
House of Lords Library Note 2009/010
From 1st October 2009 the appellate jurisdiction of the House of Lords was transferred to the Supreme Court of the United
Kingdom under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. This
Library Note gives an account of the history of the appellate
jurisdiction, its functioning in practice and describes the