House of Lords: Lords Spiritual

This House of Lords Library briefing looks at the role of the Lords Spiritual in the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Lords includes 26 Church of England Archbishops and Bishops who sit on an ex officio basis as ‘Lords Spiritual’. Their right to sit and vote in the House having been established by ancient usage and by statute. They currently comprise around 3 percent of the total membership.…

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Digital Skills in the United Kingdom

This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of a debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 7 September 2017 about the importance of digital understanding at all levels of society. It provides an overview of what is meant by ‘digital skills’ and surveys recent literature on access to, and use of, the internet across society. It then considers digital skills in relation to the economy and sets out key proposals contained in the Government’s UK Digital Strategy 2017. It concludes with an exploration of the term ‘digital understanding’ and highlights recent Ofcom findings on adults’ media use and attitudes.…

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Queen’s Speech 2017 Day 5: Education, Health, Welfare, Pensions and Culture

This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.…

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Queen’s Speech 2017 Day 3: Home Affairs, Communities and Local Government, Justice, Constitutional Affairs and Devolved Affairs

This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of the forthcoming Queen’s Speech, which is due to take place on 21 June 2017. The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen’s Speech over five days between 22 and 29 June 2017. This briefing is one of five prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.…

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Leaving the European Union: World Trade Organisation

This Library briefing provides an overview of the World Trade Organisation. It examines the history, structure and membership of the organisation. It provides information on the agreements underpinning the international trading system and the principles that govern trade between members of the WTO. It also considers how the UK would trade with the EU under WTO terms, if the UK left the EU without a trade deal.…

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Work of the Ad Hoc Committees in 2014–15: House of Lords Extradition Law Committee

This House of Lords Library briefing provides information about the work of the House of Lords Extradition Law Committee; its two reports (‘The European Arrest Warrant Opt-In’ and ‘Extradition: Law and Practice’); its conclusions and recommendations; the government’s responses; and a summary of the debates held on the two reports in the House of Lords.…

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Criminal Finances Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages

This House of Lords Library briefing provides information on the Criminal Finances Bill 2016–17 ahead of its second reading in the House of Lords on 9 March 2017. The Bill would make provisions to tackle money laundering and corruption, recover the proceeds of crime, and counter terrorist finance. It also seeks to make provisions to enable those who violate human rights to have their assets frozen and will create a new offence of a corporate failure to prevent the facilitation of tax evasion.…

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Impact of the Shortage of Housing on Young People

This House of Lords Library briefing presents an overview of housing in the UK, including statistics on housing supply and demand. It considers some of the causes of the housing shortage and explores recent reports that have sought to identify the impact of the housing market on young people. It concludes with a brief summary of government policy in this area.…

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