Documents to download

In the context of recent data showing a rise in the number of police recorded hate crimes and other Islamophobic attacks perpetrated against Muslims, the UK Government has been urged to adopt a formal definition of Islamophobia, similar to the definition of antisemitism adopted by the Government in 2016. This briefing summarises two definitions of Islamophobia; the first from the race equality think tank, the Runnymede Trust’s report, Islamophobia: Still a Challenge for Us All (2017); and the second from the report of the inquiry on a working definition of Islamophobia conducted by the All Party Parliamentary Group on British Muslims (2018).

This briefing includes a summary of the data on hate crimes against Muslims in the UK. The organisation TellMAMA (Measuring Anti-Muslim Attacks), which collects data on reported incidents of Islamophobic abuse, discrimination and violence, recorded 1,201 verified attacks on Muslims in 2017, a 30% increase on the previous year. According to Home Office data on police recorded hate crimes, there were 94,098 hate crimes of all forms in 2017/18, of which 76% were race hate crimes and 9% were religious hate crimes. The briefing also provides a summary of the law regarding hate crimes, free speech and ‘hate speech’.

Data from the Runnymede Trust and the Social Mobility Commission have shown that Islamophobia and discrimination contribute to British Muslims’ position as the most economically-deprived minority group in the UK. Half of Muslims experience household poverty compared to a national average of 18%, and only one in five of the Muslim population is in full-time employment. The report from the Social Mobility Commission found that young Muslims, in particular, face considerable barriers to progression in schools, higher education and the labour market.


Documents to download

Related posts

  • Public Service Pensions and Judicial Offices Bill [HL]

    This proposed law seeks to reform pensions across the public sector. It would also make other changes to the rules related to judicial offices. The pension reforms partly respond to a finding of unlawful discrimination in existing schemes and are partly aimed at improving the operation of public sector pensions. The changes relating to judicial offices are intended to improve recruitment and retention in the judiciary.

    Public Service Pensions and Judicial Offices Bill [HL]
  • Education (Assemblies) Bill [HL]

    This private member’s bill would repeal the requirement for schools in England without a designated religious character to provide daily acts of collective religious worship. In its place, the bill would establish a new duty to provide non-religious assemblies which develop the spiritual, moral, social, and cultural education of pupils. It is due to have its second reading in the House of Lords on 10 September 2021.

    Education (Assemblies) Bill [HL]
  • Human rights of LGBT+ people worldwide

    Equality in human rights for LGBT+ people varies globally. Many are vulnerable to violations, including violent attacks and social isolation. The United Nations (UN) has repeatedly confirmed that discrimination based on a person’s sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics is contrary to international human rights law. Despite this, over 70 countries worldwide criminalise adult same-sex relationships. The UK Government commits funds to targeted international LGBT+ rights programmes. However, it has recently faced criticism for its New Plan for Immigration.

    Human rights of LGBT+ people worldwide