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As at 1 October 2018, there had been sixteen new life Peers announced this year; thirteen political appointments were announced by the Prime Minister, Theresa May, on 18 May 2018, and subsequently three crossbenchers were announced in June 2018 following recommendation by the House of Lords Appointments Commission. Of these, all but one (Martha Osamor), had received their writ and joined the House at the time of writing. Including Martha Osamor in the number, a total of 1,435 life Peers have been created thus far under the Life Peerages Act 1958. This figure is made up of 300 women (21 percent) and 471 who were former MPs (33 percent).

The Life Peerages Act 1958 enabled life Peers to be created with the right to sit in the House of Lords, including female life Peers (marking the first occasion women could sit in the House of Lords). The power was conferred on the Sovereign, who could create Peers through letters patent on advice of the Prime Minister (although this relationship is not set out in the Act).

To mark the 60th anniversary of the 1958 Act, this Briefing provides information on all life Peers appointed under the Act. It contains brief statistics, discusses those appointed by the House of Lords Appointments Commission and lists all the life Peers appointed under the Act. This Briefing does not include information on the Lords Spiritual, hereditary Peers or Peers appointed under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 (which related to the appointment of ‘Law Lords’ to the House).

Further recent Library Briefings relating to the Life Peerages Act 1958, include:

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