European Union in 2017: Background Information

This House of Lords Library briefing provides background information about EU member states, identifies key election dates in member states in 2017, when the European Council is due to meet, and lists the individuals who are current members of the European Council.

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Member

Date Joined

Number of MEPs

Euro Zone Member

Schengen Member

Council of the European Union Presidency 2017–2030

Austria

1995

18

1999

YES

Jul–Dec 2018

Belgium

1958

21

1999

YES

Jan–Jun 2024

Bulgaria

2007

17

N/A

NO

Jan–Jun 2018

Croatia

2013

11

N/A

NO

Jan–Jun 2020

Cyprus

2004

6

2008

NO

Jan–Jun 2026

Czech Republic

2004

22

N/A

YES

Jul–Dec 2022

Denmark

1973

13

N/A

YES

Jul–Dec 2025

Estonia

2004

6

2011

YES

Jul–Dec 2017

Finland

1995

13

1999

YES

Jul–Dec 2019

France

1958

74

1999

YES

Jan–Jun 2022

Germany

1958

96

1999

YES

Jul–Dec 2020

Greece

1981

21

2001

YES

Jul–Dec 2027

Hungary

2004

22

N/A

YES

Jul–Dec 2024

Ireland

1973

11

1999

NO

Jul–Dec 2026

Italy

1958

73

1999

YES

Jan–Jun 2028

Latvia

2004

8

2014

YES

Jul–Dec 2028

Lithuania

2004

11

2015

YES

Jan–Jun 2027

Luxembourg

1958

6

1999

YES

Jan–Jun 2029

Malta

2004

6

2008

YES

Jan–Jun 2017

Jul–Dec 2030

Netherlands

1958

26

1999

YES

Jul–Dec 2029

Poland

2004

51

N/A

YES

Jan–Jun 2025

Portugal

1986

21

1999

YES

Jan–Jun 2021

Romania

2007

32

N/A

NO

Jan–Jun 2019

Slovakia

2004

13

2009

YES

Jan–Jun 2030

Slovenia

2004

8

2007

YES

Jul–Dec 2021

Spain

1986

54

1999

YES

Jul–Dec 2023

Sweden

1995

20

N/A

YES

Jan–Jun 2023

United Kingdom

1973

73

N/A

NO

N/A

Elections in Member States in 2017

  • France’s presidential elections are set for 23 April 2017, with a second round run-off on 7 May 2017 if required.
  • German federal elections are due to take place by October 2017. Unless it is dissolved early, in accordance with German Basic Law, 23 August 2017 is the earliest date on which the elections could be held, the latest possible date would be 22 October 2017.

European Council Meetings in 2017

  • 3 February: informal meeting of EU heads of state or government
  • 8 March: Tripartite Social Summit
  • 9–10 March: European Council
  • 22–23 June: European Council
  • 19–20 October: European Council

Members of the European Council

Name

Position Held

Member State

Donald Tusk

President of the European Council

N/A

Christian Kern

Federal Chancellor

Austria

Charles Michel

Prime Minister

Belgium

Boyko Borissov

Prime Minister

Bulgaria

Andrej Plenković

Prime Minister

Croatia

Nicos Anastasiades

President of the Republic

Cyprus

Bohuslav Sobotka

Prime Minister

Czech Republic

Lars Løkke Rasmussen

Prime Minister

Denmark

Enda Kenny

Taoiseach

Ireland

Jüri Ratas

Prime Minister

Estonia

Juha Sipilä

Prime Minister

Finland

François Hollande

President of the Republic

France

Angela Merkel

Federal Chancellor

Germany

Alexis Tsipras

Prime Minister

Greece

Viktor Orbán

Prime Minister

Hungary

Paolo Gentiloni

Prime Minister

Italy

Māris Kučinskis

Prime Minister

Latvia

Xavier Bettel

Prime Minister

Luxembourg

Dalia Grybauskaitė

President of the Republic

Lithuania

Joseph Muscat

Prime Minister

Malta

Mark Rutte

Prime Minister

Netherlands

Beata Szydlo

Prime Minister

Poland

António Costa

Prime Minister

Portugal

Klaus Werner Iohannis

President

Romania

Robert Fico

Prime Minister

Slovakia

Miro Cerar

Prime Minister

Slovenia

Mariano Rajoy Brey

President of the Government

Spain

Stefan Löfven

Prime Minister

Sweden

Theresa May

Prime Minister

United Kingdom

Jean Claude Juncker

President of the European Commission

N/A

  • Lords Research Briefing LIF-2017-0002
  • Author: Matthew Purvis
  • Topics: Brexit & the EU

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