Documents to download

On 10 May 1941, incendiary and high-explosive bombs were dropped on the Palace of Westminster, destroying the House of Commons Chamber and damaging the House of Lords Chamber, Westminster Hall and the Clock Tower. The air raid was part of the Luftwaffe’s (German Air Force) campaign of sustained aerial bombing attacks on Britain, known as the Blitz.  The attack launched by the Luftwaffe on 10 May 1941 was its biggest air raid on London during the Second World War. It resulted in 1,436 civilian deaths, and caused damage to a number of other buildings including Westminster Abbey and the British Museum.  As a result of the damage to the Commons chamber, between late June 1941 and October 1950, the House of Commons sat in the House of Lords Chamber, and the House of Lords sat in the Robing Room.  The architect, Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, was appointed to design the overall architectural scheme and interior of the new Chamber, and it was officially opened by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on 26 October 1950.


Documents to download

Related posts

  • Finance Bill

    The Finance Bill is a government bill intended to give lasting statutory effect to the tax measures announced in the March 2021 budget. The bill underwent a series of changes in its passage through the House of Commons. The House of Lords Economic Affairs Finance Bill Sub-Committee criticised a draft of the bill in some specific areas. The Government accepted some of the committee’s recommendations but rejected others.

    Finance Bill
  • House of Lords: remote participation and hybrid proceedings

    In response to the Covid-19 pandemic, the House of Lords agreed to introduce virtual participation in debates to allow for social distancing and help prevent the spread of the virus. It has also introduced remote voting in divisions. This In Focus article considers the impact of these changes. It also summarises the discussions over how long these changes should be retained.

    House of Lords: remote participation and hybrid proceedings