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  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Funding science research in universities

    Scientific research in universities is funded through a mix of public money, EU funding and other sources. This article considers the House of Lords Science and Technology Committee report on the pressures on science research funding in universities, including proposals in the Augar Review to lower the existing cap on tuition fees and the potential impact of Brexit. The committee’s report is due to debated in the House of Lords on 9 September 2020.

  • House of Lords Library

    Current Affairs Digest

    Current Affairs Digest: Constitution (June 2020)

    Catch up on articles about the constitution, government and parliament you may have missed from May and June 2020. Including articles on the development of virtual parliaments during the Covid-19 pandemic.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Abortion law in Northern Ireland

    The law on abortion in Northern Ireland changed on 22 October 2019 following the enactment of the Northern Ireland (Executive Formation etc) Act 2019. The Act required the UK Government to introduce regulations that would provide lawful access to abortion services and repeal certain offences relating to abortion in Northern Ireland. This article discusses the Government’s statutory instrument that would introduce such regulations.

  • House of Lords Library

    Current Affairs Digest

    Current Affairs Digest: Constitution (May 2020)

    Catch up on articles you may have missed on the constitution, government and parliament from May 2020. Articles this month take a closer look at Covid-19 and human rights legislation.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    The Channel Islands: Occupation and liberation

    To mark 75 years since the liberation of the Channel Islands, this article explores how the islands were occupied and how the occupation was debated in the House of Lords.

  • House of Lords Library

    Current Affairs Digest

    Current Affairs Digest: Science (April 2020)

    Catch up on science articles you may have missed from March and April 2020. Articles this month look at the science behind measures to contain Covid-19.

  • House of Lords Library

    Current Affairs Digest

    Current Affairs Digest: Science (February 2020)

    Catch-up on science related articles from you may have missed from February 2020, including the psychological effects of quarantine on a city.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Covid-19: Lockdown measures and children’s screen time

    In April 2019, the UK Government identified excessive screen time for children as an emerging concern. Since that time, the UK has been under lockdown measures, imposed to help combat the spread of coronavirus, which have forced children to conduct their education and social lives online. This article considers what impact this may have on children and what advice has been given to parents and carers.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Covid-19: impact in Latin America

    Latin America accounts for over a fifth of all cases and almost a third of all deaths from Covid-19 worldwide. Vaccine rollouts are progressing across the region, but rates remain uneven. The economic toll of the pandemic has been severe, with recovery expected to take some time in many countries. This article provides a short summary of developments in the region arising from the pandemic ahead of a House of Lords debate on the subject.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Life beyond Covid-19: Lords Covid-19 Committee’s recommendations for long-term resilience and wellbeing

    In a report published in early 2022, the House of Lords Covid-19 Committee called for a “reset” of the state through a new emphasis on governing for the long-term and a new focus on wellbeing. The committee’s recommendations spanned a range of policy areas, from addressing health disparities and supporting families through to expanding devolution and improving public service resilience and preparedness. The government responded to the committee’s recommendations in July 2022.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Covid-19 vaccinations: is the Global South falling behind?

    A number of vaccines have been produced in response to the Covid-19 pandemic. However, currently high-income countries are dominating the purchasing and administration of these vaccines. This has led to low vaccination rates in the ‘Global South’: only 1.4% of people in low-income countries had received a dose as of 23 August 2021. This article explores the scale of the vaccine divide, its causes, and what is being done to address it.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Gypsy, Roma and Traveller communities: impact of Brexit and Covid-19

    June marked Gypsy, Roma and Traveller History Month. Along with other minority groups, these communities have been heavily impacted by recent events, in particular Brexit and the Covid-19 pandemic. While some from these communities have called the UK a safe haven, the groups continue to face discrimination and inequality.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    House of Lords: remote participation and hybrid proceedings

    In response to the Covid-19 pandemic, the House of Lords agreed to introduce virtual participation in debates to allow for social distancing and help prevent the spread of the virus. It has also introduced remote voting in divisions. This In Focus article considers the impact of these changes and discussions about which changes should be retained.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    King’s Speech 2023: Education

    There have been a number of high-profile announcements regarding education in the last year, such as proposed changes to A-levels and T-levels announced in October 2023. However, it is unclear when these measures will be introduced. Elements of the Schools Bill, abandoned during the 2022–23 parliamentary session, will likely be included in the 2023 King’s Speech. Notably, the government has indicated it intends to introduce a register of children not in school.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Building an inclusive society in the post-pandemic world

    Attendees at a United Nations (UN) summit more than 25 years ago defined an inclusive society as a “society for all”. Policy responses have been introduced in the years since, though questions remain about how progress can be measured. The Covid-19 pandemic has represented a setback towards realising the goal in many areas, but some have identified an opportunity to redouble efforts towards achieving ambitions in the pandemic’s wake.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    World Cancer Day 2021: Impact of Covid-19

    Many health professionals and organisations have raised concerns about the negative impact the Covid-19 pandemic is having on cancer survival rates in the UK. This is mainly due to delays and cancellations in screening and diagnostic services. Concern has also been raised about the impact of Covid-19 on cancer patients and their weakened immune systems. This article will look in more detail at the impact Covid-19 is having on cancer in the UK.