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  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    International Women’s Day 2022: gender gaps across the world

    Despite years of international attention on the issue, global gender gaps remain. Data published by the World Economic Forum in 2021 showed that global gender gaps remained in education, health, economics and politics. This article looks at findings from the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2021, as well as the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on women and girls.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Women’s health outcomes: Is there a gender gap?

    On 8 July 2021, the House of Lords is due to debate the steps taken to improve women’s health outcomes. Research has found a gender health gap in the UK where many women receive poorer healthcare than men. This article examines some of the healthcare challenges women face, why they exist and what action the Government is taking to tackle the issue.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    The women and girls in the fight against Covid-19

    It is nearly two years since the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared Covid-19 a global pandemic. Globally women make up over two-thirds of health and social care workers, rising to three-quarters of NHS staff employed in England. This placed women at the forefront of the fight against the virus. In the UK and the US, many women have been also leading the search for a vaccine. This article looks at some of these UK and US female scientists and their roles in the global pandemic response.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Covid-19: Empowering women in the recovery from the impact of the pandemic

    Women have been specifically affected by the economic impacts of the coronavirus pandemic. Reasons for this include that they are over-represented in some of the worst-hit sectors, and that they do a greater share of unpaid care. The Government has said it wants women’s economic empowerment to be a focus in the post-pandemic recovery period. But it has faced criticism for not taking enough account of gender equality in its approach.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Representation of women in the House of Lords

    It has been over 60 years since women gained the right to join the House of Lords. Today, just under a third of members are women. Why is the number of women not equal to that of men?

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Women in elected office in the UK

    Following the election in 2019, the highest number of female MPs were elected to Parliament. This In Focus looks at the current levels of women in politics in the UK, including in the devolved administrations and local government. It then outlines some potential barriers to increased female participation and details some developments that have been made in this area in the last couple of years.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Women, hereditary peerages and gender inequality in the line of succession

    Fewer than 90 peerages can be inherited by a female heir, and may pass in the female line. This article examines proposals put forward by campaign groups, and some parliamentarians, which would see a change in the rules preventing women inheriting titles.

  • House of Lords Library

    Research Briefing

    Lords Membership: How Many Women Have Sat in the Lords?

    This House of Lords Library briefing provides lists of the female life Peers and the female hereditary Peers who have been Members of the House of Lords.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Queen’s Speech 2022: Foreign affairs, defence, and international development

    This year’s Queen’s Speech takes place at a time of severe international tension, with Russia’s ongoing war in Ukraine dominating the policy agenda. At the same time, conflict in Yemen continues, as do the ramifications of the Taliban’s recapture of Afghanistan. In defence policy, NATO’s role has come to the fore in the face of Russian aggression, while domestically the UK military continues to undergo significant reform. In international development, focus remains on the UK’s spend on overseas assistance and how it can help those caught up in those conflict zones and elsewhere.

  • House of Lords Library

    Research Briefing

    Women in the Criminal Justice System

    This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate due to take place on 25 July 2019 in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord Farmer (Conservative) “that this House takes note of the needs of women in the criminal justice system”.

  • House of Lords Library

    In Focus

    Menopause and the workplace

    World Menopause Day is held on 18 October every year. The International Menopause Society has said that the purpose of the day is to “raise awareness of the menopause and the support options available for improving health and wellbeing”. This article focuses on the impact it can have on the working lives of women and others who experience menopausal symptoms.

  • House of Lords Library

    Research Briefing

    International Day of Women and Girls in Science: 11 February 2019

    On 11 February 2019 the UN marks the fourth annual International Day of Women and Girls in Science. This House of Lords Library Briefing provides a brief background to the day and examines the representation of women and girls in science, technology, engineering and maths in the UK.

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